The Sound System of bhaṭʹe-sa zʹib

Table 1.  The Phonemes of bhaṭʹe-sa zʹib.
Articulatory Location
Lip Tongue Nasal Larynx Glottis
  tip up [apical] tip down [laminal/dorsal]      
front back front back (retracted)
Stricture Type apico-
dental
apico-
alveolar
prognathized
lamino-
dental
lamino-
alveolar
dorso-
velar
dorso-
postvelar
Con-
son-
ants
Ob-
stru-
ents
Affricates   ć č     [vls]
  ǰ
Stops p t     k q [vls]
b d g
Spirants f   s š x [vls]
    [] z   ǧ h
Sono-
rants
Vibrants trill     r        
forward flap
Lateral l  
Approximants w   y
Nasal Stops m n       [nas]
Vowels Close u   i a ˜
Open o   e â
Pitch Accent primary    ʹ   
secondary    ʹ 
Terminal
Contours
full drop   .
([vls] [voiceless] and [nas] [nasalized] represent coproduced components of the sounds listed to their left in the row.)

Phonemic Inventory. The symbols in Table 1 stand for the distinctive speech processes that produce the sounds of Bhaṭʹe-sa zʹib.

Notable phonetic points:


[under construction]

(Phonemic transcription updated 5 June 2011)