The Sound System of saňu-vi:ri

Table 1.  The Phonemes of saňu-vi:ri.
Articulatory Location
Lip Tongue Nasal Pharynx Larynx Glottis
  tip up [apical] tip down [laminal/dorsal]        
front back front back (retracted)
Stricture Type apico-
dental
apico-
alveolar
prognathized
lamino-
dental
lamino-
alveolar
dorso-
velar
dorso-
postvelar
Con-
son-
ants
Ob-
stru-
ents
Affricates   ć č    
ź ǰ [vcd]
Stops p t     k (q) (ˀ)
b d g   [vcd]
Spirants (f) s   š (x) () (h)
v z ž (ǧ) (ˁ) [vcd]
Sono-
rants
Flaps upward     r          
forward
[ň] [nas]
Lateral l    
[Approximant]   [ř]
Nasal Stops m n ŋ [nas]
Vowels Close u   i a ˜ ː
Open o   e â
Pitch Accent   ʹ  
Terminal
Contours
full drop   .
rising   ?

Phonemic Inventory and Transcription. The symbols in Table 1 stand for the distinctive speech sounds of saňu-viːri.


Symbols enclosed in parentheses represent foreign sounds not fully integrated into the traditional Saňu-viːri sound system. The symbols [vcd] and [nas] represent coproduced components of the sounds listed to their left in the row.


There remain unresolved phonemic problems in the data at hand:

[Under Construction]